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方德平.体外预应力梁摩擦效应的非线性分析[J].计算力学学报,2019,36(5):624~629
体外预应力梁摩擦效应的非线性分析
Nonlinear analysis of friction effect in externally prestressed beams
投稿时间:2018-07-31  修订日期:2018-10-17
DOI:10.7511/jslx20180731002
中文关键词:    体外预应力  非线性  摩擦效应  摩擦单元  滑移
英文关键词:beam  external prestress  nonlinearity  friction effect  friction element  slip
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51578253);厦门市科技计划(3502Z20172014;3502Z20172011);泉州市科技计划(2018C083R)资助项目.
作者单位
方德平 华侨大学 土木工程学院, 厦门 361021 
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中文摘要:
      构造了简单的体外预应力梁的摩擦单元,摩擦单元位于转向块和体外筋之间的角平分线上,能模拟转向块和体外筋之间的有摩擦或无摩擦滑移。考虑混凝土、钢筋和体外筋应力-应变的非线性关系,采用梁截面弯矩-轴力-曲率的三折线模型,探讨了体外预应力梁的性能。对简支梁和连续梁的不同因素进行计算,包括不同摩擦系数、不同体外筋和钢筋面积、不同偏心距以及对称和非对称荷载形式。计算结果表明,对于简支梁和对称荷载下的连续梁,承载力的摩擦效应可以忽略,最大预应力增量和挠度的摩擦效应不宜忽略,最小预应力增量的摩擦效应明显;对于非对称荷载下的连续梁,承载力、最大和最小预应力增量以及挠度的摩擦效应不可忽略。
英文摘要:
      A concise friction element located at angle bisector between the external tendon and the deviator of reinforced concrete was constructed,which can simulate the slip with or without friction between the tendon and the deviator.The nonlinear stress-strain relationships of concrete,steel bar and external tendon were taken into consideration,the tri-linear model of the bending moment-axial force-curvature of beam section was adopted,the behavior of externally prestressed beam was investigated.The calculations of simply supported beams and continuous beams for various factors were conducted,including different friction coefficients,different areas of external tendon and steel bar,different eccentricities,symmetric or asymmetric load patterns.The calculation results indicate:for the simply supported beam and continuous beam under symmetric load,the friction effect on load carrying capacity is negligible;the friction effect on maximum prestress increment and deflection may not be negligible,the friction effect on minimum prestress increment is obvious;for the continuous beam under asymmetric load,the friction effect on load carrying capacity,maximum and minimum prestress increments,and deflection cannot be neglected.
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