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王萌,刘杰斌,姜胜耀,段日强.等热流密度加热垂直下降液膜的研究
A study on a vertical falling liquid film on a uniformly heated plate with constant heat flux[J].计算力学学报,2019,36(2):180~189
等热流密度加热垂直下降液膜的研究
A study on a vertical falling liquid film on a uniformly heated plate with constant heat flux
A study on a vertical falling liquid film on a uniformly heated plate with constant heat flux
投稿时间:2017-11-14  修订日期:2018-02-23
DOI:10.7511/jslx20171114003
中文关键词:  等热流加热  下降液膜  线性稳定性分析  数值模拟
英文关键词:constant heat flux  falling liquid film  linear stability analysis  numerical simulation
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(11472155;51779126)资助项目.
作者单位E-mail
王萌 清华大学 核能与新能源技术研究院, 先进核能技术协同创新中心, 教育部先进反应堆工程与安全重点实验室, 北京 100084  
刘杰斌 中国核电工程有限公司, 北京 100840  
姜胜耀 清华大学 核能与新能源技术研究院, 先进核能技术协同创新中心, 教育部先进反应堆工程与安全重点实验室, 北京 100084  
段日强 清华大学 核能与新能源技术研究院, 先进核能技术协同创新中心, 教育部先进反应堆工程与安全重点实验室, 北京 100084 duanrq@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      利用等热流密度加热条件下降膜流动的三维模型方程进行线性稳定性分析和数值模拟。线性稳定性分析表明,模型方程在小到中等Reynolds数下都适用,并且流向不稳定性增长率随着Reynolds数和Marangoni数增加而增加,展向不稳定性增长率则随着Marangoni数增加而增加,随着Reynolds数增加而减小,流向和展向对扰动波数都存在一个不稳定区间。三维数值模拟表明,在等热流密度加热条件下,液膜在随机扰动的情况下最终会形成带孤立波的三维溪流状结构,液膜与气体的换热也因溪流状结构的出现而加强;在随机扰动的基础上引入占优势地位的展向最不稳定扰动会使得换热增强,液膜会提前破裂;在随机扰动的基础上引入占优势地位的流向最不稳定扰动时,液膜的换热会增强,但不会提前破裂;在随机扰动的基础上同时引入占优势地位的流向和展向最不稳定扰动时,换热会加强且液膜会提前破裂。
英文摘要:
      A three-dimensional regularized model (RM) was used to study vertical falling liquid film on a uniformly heated plate with a constant heat flux.Linear stability analysis shows that RM is applicable from small to moderate Reynolds numbers; streamwise growth rate increases as Reynolds number and Marangoni number increase,and spanwise growth rate increases as Marangoni number increases,but decreases as Reynolds number increases; for streamwise and spanwise growth rates,there exists an unstable interval of disturbance wavenumber.Three-dimensional numerical simulation shows that a random disturbance can give rise to three-dimensional rivulet structures after a sufficient evolution of the film layer,and thus heat transfer between liquid and gas is enhanced; the three-dimensional rivulet structures arise earlier and heat transfer is enhanced as long as a dominant most unstable spanwise disturbance is added to the film besides random disturbance,but the rupture of the liquid film occurs earlier; the heat transfer is enhanced and the liquid film doesn't rupture earlier under the circumstance that only a dominant most unstable streamwise disturbance is added besides random disturbances.
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