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李锦华,余维光,李春祥,管海平.非平稳非高斯湿下击暴流风雨荷载的模拟
Simulation of wind rain loads of non-stationary non-Gaussian downburst accompanied with rain[J].计算力学学报,2019,36(1):27~34
非平稳非高斯湿下击暴流风雨荷载的模拟
Simulation of wind rain loads of non-stationary non-Gaussian downburst accompanied with rain
Simulation of wind rain loads of non-stationary non-Gaussian downburst accompanied with rain
投稿时间:2017-10-18  修订日期:2018-01-09
DOI:10.7511/jslx20171018002
中文关键词:  时变功率谱  湿下击暴流  非平稳非高斯  雨滴冲击  概率密度函数
英文关键词:time-varying power spectrum  downburst accompanied with rain  non-stationary non-Gaussian  impact of raindrop  probability density function
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51378304,11162005);江西省自然科学基金(20171BAB206051)资助项目.
作者单位E-mail
李锦华 华东交通大学 土木建筑学院, 南昌 330013  
余维光 华东交通大学 土木建筑学院, 南昌 330013  
李春祥 上海大学 土木工程系, 上海 200444 Li-chunxiang@vip.sina.com 
管海平 华东交通大学 土木建筑学院, 南昌 330013  
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中文摘要:
      为模拟湿下击暴流风雨荷载,使用时变平均风速和调制的kaimal谱数值模拟具有非平稳非高斯特征的下击暴流脉动风速。从模拟结果可以看出,模拟的脉动风速相关函数明显具有时变的特征,而且瞬时相关函数均与目标函数吻合,因此模拟的脉动风速具有非平稳的目标特性;与此同时,在任意时刻,目标函数也与模拟的脉动风速概率密度函数吻合,表明模拟的脉动风速也具有非高斯的目标特性。因此,所采用的非平稳非高斯过程模拟方法有效可行。针对雨滴冲击荷载,首先对单个雨滴运动分析,推导出单个雨滴的冲击力,进而运用单位体积雨滴谱将单个雨滴冲击扩展到大量雨滴的冲击状态。结果表明,风速对雨滴冲击荷载的影响大,雨荷载变化趋势基本与风速一致,说明湿下击暴流的雨滴冲击作用主要由风速拖拽所致;此外,通过改变降雨强度发现,随着降雨强度增大,雨滴冲击力的变化趋势几乎不变,但峰值增大。
英文摘要:
      In order to numerically simulate the downburst accompanied with rain,the non-stationary non-Gaussian fluctuating wind speed is generated using the time-varying average wind speed and the modulated kaimal spectrum.Analysis of the results shows that the correlation function of the simulated fluctuating wind speed sample possesses the time-varying characteristics,and the instantaneous correlation function is consistent with the corresponding targets,meaning that the simulated fluctuating wind velocity has the targeted non-stationary characteristics;simultaneously,the probability density function agrees with the objective function,implying that the simulated fluctuating wind speed possesses the targeted non-Gaussian trait.Hence,the proposed simulation method is effective and feasible for the non-stationary non-Gaussian stochastic process.In view of the impact load of raindrop,the impact force of a single raindrop is derived from the motion analysis of a single raindrop.Further,the impact of a single raindrop is extended to the impact of a large number of raindrops using the unit volume raindrop spectrum.Analysis of the results indicates that the wind speed has a great influence on raindrop impact load and the trend of rain load is basically consistent with that of the wind speed,thus implying the impact of raindrops of downburst is mainly caused by its wind speed drag.Likewise,with the increase of rainfall intensity the change tendency of raindrop impact force is practically unchanged,but its peak increases.In addition,by changing the parameter of rainfall intensity,it is found that with the increase of rainfall intensity,the change trend of raindrop impact force is almost invariable,but the peak value increases.
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