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唐礼平,王建国.一种具有新型动力放大器压电悬臂梁俘能器计算模型和解析解
Modeling and analytical solution of piezoelectric cantilevered energy harvester with a new dynamic magnifier[J].计算力学学报,2017,(5):650~656
一种具有新型动力放大器压电悬臂梁俘能器计算模型和解析解
Modeling and analytical solution of piezoelectric cantilevered energy harvester with a new dynamic magnifier
Modeling and analytical solution of piezoelectric cantilevered energy harvester with a new dynamic magnifier
投稿时间:2016-06-10  修订日期:2016-11-20
DOI:10.7511/jslx201705018
中文关键词:  压电悬臂梁  能量俘获  新型动力放大器  分布参数  解析解
英文关键词:piezoelectric cantilevered beam  energy harvesting  new dynamic magnifier  distributed parameter  analytical solution
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(11172087)资助项目.
作者单位E-mail
唐礼平 合肥工业大学 土木与水利工程学院, 合肥 230009  
王建国 合肥工业大学 土木与水利工程学院, 合肥 230009 jianguow@hfut.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      为了提高压电振动能量俘获的效率,提出了一种新型的压电悬臂梁俘能器。新的压电俘能器在悬臂梁固定端安装一个新型动力放大器系统,另一端带有一个有限尺寸的质量块。新型动力放大器由平移及转动约束的弹簧-质量块系统组成。考虑有限尺寸质量块的质量分布效应和平移及转动约束的弹簧刚度等结构参数的影响,利用广义Hamilton原理,针对带有新型动力放大器的压电式悬臂梁俘能器,建立了分布参数型运动微分方程,获得了相应的特征函数,分析了自振频率和能量俘获效果。分析结果表明,考虑质量块偏心距和转动惯量可提高能量俘获效率的预测精度;合理选择动力放大器的平移及转动弹簧刚度可提高能量俘获的效率,降低俘能器的共振频率。
英文摘要:
      In order to improve the efficiency of piezoelectric vibration energy harvesting,a cantilevered piezoelectric vibration energy harvester is proposed.The new cantilevered piezoelectric energy harvester consists of a new dynamic magnifier (a translation-and rotation-restrained spring-mass system) installed at the restrained end and a tip mass at the free end.Taking into account the translation and rotation-restrained stiffness,and the distribution effect of the tip mass over a finite length,a distributed parameter model of piezoelectric cantilevered energy harvesters is developed by using the generalized Hamilton's principle.The eigen-function and natural frequency formulation of the presented model are obtained.The efficiency of energy harvesting is investigated.The analytical results show that the accuracy of predicting energy harvesting efficiency can be improved by considering the eccentricity of mass and moment of inertia.A reasonable selection of the translational and rotational spring stiffness can improve energy harvesting efficiency,and reduce the resonant frequency of the energy harvesting system.
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